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Urbanization and Climate Change Adaptation in Coastal area of Caspian Sea; Challenges and Solutions with a focus on Iran and Azerbaijan

7 speakers

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The Caspian Sea is the world's largest inland body of water. Severe climate change hazards, such as sea level variation, intensified floods, and acute droughts, have increasingly adversely affected communities along the Caspian Sea's shores. Simultaneously, urbanization has accelerated, particularly in the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Islamic Republic of Iran, contributing to the loss of biodiversity, the aggravation of desertification, and the reduction of agricultural land and water filtration surfaces, putting an additional strain on food and water security. To conclude, while current climate change models cannot provide a conclusive answer to the topic of sea level change direction and other components, the panelists will make some recommendations to improve the adaptive capacity of the people from the Caspian Sea region. The panelists will discuss four types of measures to increase climate resilience for the citizens: policy/strategy measures, infrastructural measures, biodiversity measures, and livelihood measures. These measures have been selected on the basis of citizens’ vulnerability to climate change considering socio-economic, environmental, physical and infrastructure systems. Approved by the national lieu agencies, the measures are expected to be executed in eight selected locations in Iran and Azerbaijan in 2022.